was built in 1490 by Thomas Stanley - the Earl of Derbyshire, in order to defend his estates around Garstang. It was later
besieged by Cromwell's parliamentary army during 1646 who
later ordered it to be dismantled. Today just one of the
towers remains although many of the local farmhouses have
incorporated the stones in their buildings. A ghost is said
to haunt nearby Gubberford Bridge where a Soldier killed
his estranged wife during the siege of Greenhalgh.
is said that the castle or more the land on which it stands
was a gift to Thomas Stanley from Henry Tudor for his services
(Treachery) during the battle of Bosworth. The Stanley's
went to Bosworth with Richard III, some 4'000 men of the
12'000 total were under their command. Henry Tudor turned
up with 5'000 men so was well out numbered. The battle turned
in a flash as Henry, realizing that he was out numbered
galloped toward the Stanley's line with some 50 men hoping
to get his support, Richard seized what he saw as a chance
for Richard the Stanley's who were watching this probably
were not happy with such a large force some 1000 men attacking
Henry with only 50 men. So the Stanley's joined the fight
on the side of Henry Tudor with their 4000 men. Richard
had no chance he was overwhelmed and cut down, and that
was that. It was Thomas Stanley who placed the crown on
Henry's head proclaiming him to be king.
castle and it's owners stand tall in the history of this
great nation. Its a great shame that Cromwell saw fit to
destroy such an important building. Though not surprising
considering it's royalist history.
is an interesting part of English history, if you want to
find out more then go to my favorite search engine www.google.com
and type Boswoth field or Henry Tudor or Henry VII there
is loads out there, Have fun!
Greenhalgh has kindly written this and adds a great
deal of detail to the content above. Thanks Graham
the 9th April 1483 King Edward IV of England died. He left
the throne to his then twelve year old son Prince Edward.
Until the lad was old enough to rule England he would be
under the protection of Edward IV brother Richard of Gloucester.
a series of plots on 6th July 1483 Richard of Gloucester
from the House of York was crown King Richard III of England.
Young Prince Edward and his younger brother Richard Duke
of York had disappeared from their lodgings in the Tower
of London. The only rival left for the throne of England
was Henry Tudor of the House of Lancaster. He returned from
exile in France on 7th August 1485 to start a military campaign
to take the crown.
the 22nd August 1485 Henry Tudor fought King Richard III
at the Battle of Bosworth Field. King Richard had obtained
the support of Sir Thomas Stanley (The Second Baron Stanley
of the Manor of Stanley near Leek in Staffordshire), by
holding his son Lord Strange as ransom. Sir Thomas Stanley
with his brother Sir William Stanley had command of 4500
troops on the battlefield effectively held the balance of
power between King Richard and Henry Tudor. However, never
one to back a losing hand, Sir Thomas held his troops until
late in the day, despite the threat to the life of his son.
As it became clear Henry Tudor would take the field Sir
Thomas rallied to his cause. In recognition of his support
the now King Henry VII promoted Sir Thomas Stanley to the
1st Earl of Derby. Incidentally, his son Lord Strange also
managed to survive the battle.
the fact that King Richard III was killed at the battle
of Bosworth Field. Despite the marriage of the new King
Henry VII of Lancaster to Elizabeth of York in an attempt
to end the rivalries between the two great families by ties
of blood. There remained Yorkist supporters who would revenge
the defeat at the Battle of Bosworth Field and restore a
Yorkist monarchy. To this end in 1487 Lord Lovell and the
Earl of Lincoln assembled an army in Dublin. They produced
a boy called Lambert Simnell whom they claimed was the long
lost Prince Edward (from the Tower of London) and set sail
landed in north Lancashire and assembled other supports
to their cause including Sir Thomas Broughton, Sir Thomas
Pilkington, Robert Hilton and James Harrington. King Henry
VII marched north to meet the invasion and gather Sir Thomas
Stanley, 1st Earl of Derby and his troops on the way. They
met the invaders near Newark on Trent and defeated the upstarts.
Again in recognition of his services Sir Thomas Stanley,
1st Earl of Derby was granted ownership of much of the lands
from Sir Thomas Broughton, Sir Thomas Pilkington, Robert
Hilton and James Harrington. Of particular interest to us
are the lands of James Harrington around Elswick, Plumpton,
Preston, Thornton and Broughton in central Lancashire. To
protect these new lands Sir Thomas Stanley, 1st Earl of
Derby was granted by King Henry VII on 2nd August 1490 a
licence to 'wall with stone, lime and other material is
his manor called Greenhall in the parish of Garstang, and
embattle, turrellate, machicolate or otherwise fortify them,
and to hold forever....' put simply to build a castle.
was it called Greenhall in the licence, who knows, possibly
a spelling mistake, one pronunciation of the name Greenhalgh
in Lancashire is Greenall or Greenhall. On a 1610 map of
the area the castle is spelt Grennalgh Caft and the village
near Elswick is spelt as Greena, another local pronunciation
(Elswick is spelt Ilfwick) 's' was spelt 'f' in 1610, but
it shows even map makers were by no mean literate and may
have spelt names phonetically.
Addition Made by Kevin Greenhalgh January 2008
Joel Reitz emailed me with the following notes: Some time ago (Used past 1700) an "S" was written in an elongated way so looking like an F, but the letter is indeed an S. To find our more click the following link which is a Introduction to Old English Language & Script. Thanks Joel it all adds to the discussion...
castle was created directly from an English Civil War, the
War of the Roses between the Houses of Lancaster and York.
It would be destroyed in another, The English Civil War
between the King (Royalists) and Parliament. During, want
is known as the 1st English Civil War between King Charles
I and parliament, Earl James the 7th Earl of Derby supported
the Royalist cause.
late 1644 parliamentary forces were in control of the whole
of Lancashire except for Lathom House (another of the Derby's
properties) and Greenhalgh Castle. Both Lathom House and
Greenhalgh Castle held out for almost two years of siege.
In May 1645 the garrison at Greenhalgh Castle surrendered
on condition all the garrison were given safe conduct to
return home unharmed. After the surrender the castle was
rendered incapable of further military use by demolition
teams. The ruins have continued to deteriorate until today
only the lower portion of one of the towers remains standing.
village of Greenhalgh is still there, one pub, a few houses
and farms. It lies just off junction 3 of the M55 (a UK
freeway) between Blackpool a coastal town and Preston (once
a small port). It is in a farming area known as the Fylde
Coast between the rivers Ribble and Wyre. Although Greenhalgh
today is a very small village it may well have once been
part of a large manor stretching over this area, with the
same name. Because the Fylde Coast is bounded on 3 sides
by water (the Irish sea and two river estuaries) if you
wanted to protect the area the best fortification would
be a castle on the inland side of the peninsular, say on
a hill at Garstang!! Even from ground level you can see
a substantial area of the Fylde coast today from that hill.
From atop a castle tower 450 years ago you could watch all
the comings and goings.
a Castle was not just a defensive site, it was a place of
civil control, tax collection and monitoring activities.
Garstang would likely be a market town for the produce from
the farming on the Fylde coast. It was on the route of an
old Roman Road built originally to the troublesome border
with the Celts in Scotland (Hadrians Wall), that would still
have been a major route in the 15 century. Even today the
A6 major west coast main road from London to Scotland and
the M6 west coast freeway (busiest freeway in Britain) run
through Garstang. It would be rare for a castle to be named
after the owners, often anyone wealthy enough to own one
castle would probably own more than one. The exception is
the Queen her family name is Windsor (but then it is her
family that is named after the castle not the castle named
after them, a political change by a Germany family in Britain
during the First World War).
family name Greenhalgh may have a number of origins, family
names are a relatively modern inventions (if you pardon
the pun). So gentleman farmers living within the manor may
have developed from Graham to Graham de Greenhalgh (Graham
of Greenhalgh) to simply Graham Greenhalgh. Alternatively,
skilled workers would be named after their abilities (mason,
smith, wright, shepherd etc) peasants with no particular
skill would be named after their location, Graham of Greenhalgh.
to Graham for writing this, what a wonderful contribution
to the Greenhalgh site.. And thanks to Peter for pointing
it out. If you have read this, and have been inspired, and
would like to contribute to the site. Please contact me
by emailing firstname.lastname@example.org
You will be adding to the biggest domain on Greenhalgh on